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Maximizing Cannabis Terpenes: Unleash the Full Potential!

The term “terpene” has become increasingly popular in cannabis dispensaries. However, what are they exactly and how do they impact us? In short, cannabis terpenes are responsible for the scents and tastes.

According to popular belief, indica strains are known for their ability to a “couch lock” high, while sativa strains are said to produce a more energizing high. However, this effects can be attributed to the varying terpenes present in the cannabis plant.

Terpenes found in cannabis serve a greater purpose than simply altering its aroma and flavor. These compounds can also impact the type of high that we experience.

Terpenes: What are they?

The cannabis plant produces essential oils known as terpenes, with a variety of over a hundred different types. Each type has its own distinct aroma and flavor. Various strains of cannabis have their own specific terpenes, such as the pungent diesel scent of Sour Diesel or the citrus aroma of Lemon Haze.

The plant, cannabis, has developed terpenes as a defense mechanism against predators and as a means to attract pollinators, just like many other plants. The release of these terpenes is influenced by various factors, such as the plant’s growing environment, light exposure, nutrient levels in the soil, age, and the amount of wind it is exposed to.

As previously mentioned, these terpenes are created in response to external triggers. Utilizing this information for cultivating your own cannabis can significantly impact the flavor and aroma of your harvest.

The Uniqueness of Cannabis Terpenes

In recent years, there has been a deliberate effort to increase the levels of THC in cannabis through selective breeding. This focus on creating a highly potent product has overshadowed the importance of other cannabinoids, such as CBD.

However, due to the prohibition on cannabis, there has been a greater emphasis on researching the various cannabinoids and their effects on the brain.

Similar to cannabinoids, terpenes also interact with receptors in the brain, resulting in a range of effects including euphoria, increased energy, drowsiness, stress relief, and more. In addition to their impact on our “high,” terpenes also possess medicinal properties.

The most commonly known medical benefits of terpenes are their anti-inflammatory effects, reducing swelling, and their analgesic properties, providing pain relief.

Techniques for Maximizing Terpenes in Cannabis Plants

Now that you have an understanding of terpenes and their functioning, you may wonder how to increase their presence in your plants. As previously stated, terpene production can be influenced by external factors. In response to these stimuli, cannabis produces terpenes as a defense mechanism against stress.

One commonly used method to boost terpene production is by lightly stressing the plants. However, excessive stress can harm the plants. It is recommended to gradually implement these techniques to avoid damaging your plant. Here are some techniques that can help maximize terpene production.

Low stress training

This involves slowly bending your plants to allow for better air and light penetration, ultimately leading to increased bud production. By removing leaves during the flowering stage, known as defoliation, you can further enhance growth by increasing light and air exposure to the buds.

However, it is important to proceed carefully as some strains may not respond well to too many leaf removal. It is advisable to start with a few lower leaves and monitor the plant’s reaction. Additionally, causing minor damage to a few leaves can also induce a safe level of stress on the plants.

Special Flower Boosters

Excessive nitrogen levels can slow down the growth of buds, therefore it is recommended to use a full NPK fertilizer with minimal nitrogen content during the flowering stage. BiG Plant Science Bloom fertilizer is an ideal option for this purpose, as it contains a low level of nitrogen which promotes overall plant growth.

Additionally, it includes a suitable amount of phosphorus, potassium, and various micronutrients that are highly beneficial for bud development. BiG Plant Science Flower Explosion will give your cannabis plants Carbohydrates and B vitamins while BiG Plant Science Aroma Boost will provide extra Sulfur and beneficial Amino Acids.

As the buds reach maturity, they will produce more terpenes with the help of our special designed formula. To maximize the yield and terpene production, it is important to provide them with special nutrients.

Maintaining a Low Temperature

In order to maintain the quality of your plants during the flowering stage, it is important to keep the temperature of your grow room below 26 degrees Celsius. This is particularly important because certain terpenes may dissipate at higher temperatures. Additionally, it is recommended to lower the temperature by 5 degrees when the lights are off, compared to the temperature during the day cycle.

Make Sure to Always Cure Your Harvested Cannabis Buds

Many novice growers often try to take a shortcut when it comes to harvesting. After spending all that time growing, the thought of waiting a few more months can be frustrating. However, taking the time to properly dry your bud at a slow pace can help preserve the aroma and flavor of terpenes. The curing process also helps to break down excess nutrients and chemicals in the bud. Have you ever tried smoking uncured cannabis? It has a harsh taste and lacks flavor. Once properly cured, the terpenes will have a significant impact on the smoking or vaping experience. Therefore, if you want to increase the amount of terpenes, it is crucial to cure your bud properly.

Some of the most common terpenes in cannabis

  • Myrcene, is a terpene that is commonly referred as the “couch-lock” terpene due to its strong sedative properties. This terpene can also be found in other plants such as mango, thyme, and lemongrass.
  • Limonene, frequently found in citrus fruits and peppermint plants, this substance is known for its high energy levels and its ability to alleviate depression.
  • Terpinolene, it has a distinct aroma and is often used in the production of perfumes and cosmetics. Terpinolene is also known for its potential health benefits, such as anti-inflammatory and sedative properties. This compound has been studied for its potential use in treating various medical conditions. Terpinolene is a versatile and useful compound with a wide range of applications. Known for its antioxidant and antibacterial properties. It can also be found in other sources such as lilac flowers, apples, and nutmeg.
  • Beta-Caryophyllene is commonly found in essential oils. With a woody and peppery flavor, this substance is known for its gastro protective and potent anti-inflammatory properties. It is present in both black pepper and cinnamon.
  • Alpha-Pinene, is commonly found in coniferous trees. It is known for its distinct pine scent and is often used in the production of essential oils. This terpene, often present in pine needles, rosemary, and basil, is known for its invigorating and healing properties.
  • Humulene, hops and coriander contain a potent anti-inflammatory compound that also acts as a hunger suppressant.

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